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Learn about the history behind St. Martin’s croissants


The history of St. Martin’s croissants

The story of the croissant dates back to the pagan era. The tradition of that time required people to make autumnal offerings to gods in the form of bullock meat or bullhorn-shaped cake.

The Catholic Church continued the tradition, but associated it with Saint Martin. The croissant shape was supposed to be modelled on the horseshoe once lost by St. Martin’s horse.

Tradition from Poznań

In Poznań the tradition for St. Martin’s croissants was born in November 1891. Jan Lewicki, the pastor In St. Martin’s church, appealed to the congregation to emulate the patron saint of their church in helping the poor. Pastry cook Józef Melzer persuaded his superior to revive the tradition of sharing food. They responded to the pastor’s appeal, filled three baking trays with croissants, and brought them to the church.

In the following years other bakers joined the effort. Wealthier people paid for treats, poorer got them for free.
In 1901 the Confectioners’ Association in Poznań took over the care for cultivating the tradition. After the World War I Franciszek Rączyński made effort to revive the tradition. It was saved from oblivion after the World War II by Zygmunt Wasiński.

Tradition from Poznań

The tradition of making St. Martin’s croissants for 11th November is still well-established in Poznań. A few hundred tons of the baked croissant are consumed yearly. Elite Patisserie and Café has been baking croissants ever since it started operations in 1990.

WHEAT flour, sugar, margarine [vegetable oils and fats (palm, rapeseed, coconut, partially hydrogenated palm), water, emulsifiers: E471 and lecithins, acidity regulator: citric acid, dye: carotenes], white poppy seeds, fondant (sugar, syrup glucose, water), MILK, EGG mass, walnuts, raisins, peanuts, candied orange peel (orange peel, sugar, acidity regulator: citric acid, aroma), yeast, aromas, salt.              

Gluten, eggs, peanuts, milk, walnuts.
Certified product

We offer St. Martin’s croissants made of the best ingredients from a traditional recipe. We have established rigorous standards for the production process which has elevated our croissants to the top in relevant rankings.

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